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食道癌 Resources
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The esophagus is the tube that moves food and liquids from your throat to your stomach. Cancer may develop in this structure, and if the tumor is large enough it can affect your ability to swallow food.

What are the symptoms of 食道癌?
Early on, the disease usually shows none. Later symptoms include difficulty swallowing, 意外减肥, severe indigestion or heartburn, coughing and hoarseness.

How is 食道癌 diagnosed?
An endoscopy involves your doctor inserting a thin, flexible tube (an endoscope) into your esophagus to look for cancer or unusual tissue changes. A biopsy may be taken so the tissue can be examined for cancer. Extra imaging may be done to determine if the cancer has spread.

What are the treatments for 食道癌?
Surgery can be performed using the endoscope if the tumor is very small. A more extensive surgery involves removing a portion of the esophagus, nearby lymph nodes and possibly part of your stomach. Chemotherapy, radiation or a combination of the two may be done. Targeted drug therapy may also be given.

What are the risk factors for 食道癌?
Obesity, drinking alcohol and smoking are among the lifestyle risk factors. Having gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), a lack of fruits and vegetables in the diet and a history of radiation treatments to the chest or upper abdomen are among the other risk factors.

What are some additional resources for learning about 食道癌?
If you or your loved one is facing 食道癌, 澳门电子城平台网址 has a whole range of services designed to help you so you never take this journey alone. Please talk to your 澳门电子城平台网址 provider or your Nurse Navigator, or check the service pages for information about treatments, services and support groups.

You may also find more information on 食道癌 from the National Comprehensive Cancer Network.